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10 methods commonly used in the quenching process of 2019

Haituo Power Plant is a professional manufacturer of induction heat treatment equipment in China. It specializes in the research and development of various metal induction heating equipments for nearly 10 years. In the past 10 years, Haituo has continuously studied new technologies and new technologies and has a professional technical team. Today, Haituo Electromechanical Co., Ltd. uses 10 common quenching methods based on nearly 10 years of experience to share it with more people.
There are ten common methods for quenching in the heat treatment process, namely single medium (water, oil, air) quenching; double medium quenching; martensite grading quenching; martensite grading quenching method below Ms point; bainite isothermal Quenching method; composite quenching method; pre-cooling austempering method; delayed cooling quenching method; quenching self-tempering method; jet quenching method.
1. Single medium (water, oil, air) quenching
Single medium (water, oil, air) quenching: The workpiece heated to the quenching temperature is quenched with a quenching medium to completely cool it. This is the simplest method of quenching and is often used for carbon steel and alloy steel workpieces with simple shapes. The quenching medium is selected according to the heat transfer coefficient of the part, hardenability, size, shape, and the like.
Second, double medium quenching
Double-medium quenching: The workpiece heated to the quenching temperature is first cooled in a quenching medium with strong cooling capacity to a point close to Ms, and then transferred to a slow-cooling quenching medium to be cooled to room temperature to reach different quenching cooling temperature ranges, and The ideal quenching cooling rate. It is used in large workpieces made of complex shapes or high carbon steel and alloy steel. Carbon steel tool steel also uses this method. Commonly used cooling media are water-oil, water-nitrate, water-air, oil-air. Generally, water is used as a quenching medium for quenching, oil or air is used as a slow quenching medium, and air is less used.
Third, martensite grade quenching
Martensite grade quenching: austenitizing the steel, followed by immersion in a liquid medium (salt bath or alkali bath) at a slightly higher temperature or slightly above the upper Martens point of the steel, for a suitable period of time, to be inside and outside the steel After the layers reach the medium temperature, the air cooling is taken out, and the supercooled austenite is slowly transformed into a quenching process of martensite. It is generally used for small workpieces with complex shapes and strict deformation requirements. High-speed steel and high-alloy steel molds are also commonly used for quenching.
4. Martensitic graded quenching method below the Ms point
Martensite fractional quenching method below the Ms point: When the bath temperature is lower than the Ms of the workpiece steel and higher than Mf, the workpiece is cooled faster in the bath, and the same result as the fractional quenching can be obtained even when the size is large. Commonly used for large, low-hardenability steel workpieces.
5. Bainite austempering method
Bainite austempering method: quenching the workpiece into the bath under the bainite temperature of the steel at moderate temperature, causing the lower bainite transformation, generally in the bath for 30 to 60 minutes. CNC WeChat public number cncdar bainite austempering process three main steps: 1 austenitizing treatment; 2 austenitizing cooling treatment; 3 bainite isothermal treatment; commonly used in alloy steel, high carbon steel small size parts And ductile iron castings.
Sixth, composite quenching method
Composite quenching method: firstly quench the workpiece to a volume fraction of 10% to 30% martensite below Ms, and then isothermal in the lower bainite region to obtain martensite and bainite structure for larger cross-section workpieces, commonly used in Alloy tool steel workpiece.
Seven, pre-cooling austempering method
Pre-cooling austempering method: also known as warming austempering, the parts are first cooled in a bath with a lower temperature (greater than Ms), and then transferred to a bath with a higher temperature to make the austenite isothermally transformed. It is suitable for steel parts with poor hardenability or workpieces with large size and must be austempered.
Eight, delayed cooling quenching method
Delayed cooling quenching method: The parts are pre-cooled in air, hot water and salt bath to a temperature slightly higher than Ar3 or Ar1, and then quenched in a single medium. It is often used for parts with complex shapes and small thicknesses and small deformation requirements.
Nine, quenching self-tempering method
Quenching self-tempering method: all the workpieces to be treated are heated, but only the part that needs to be hardened (usually the working part) is immersed in the quenching liquid for cooling during quenching, and the CNC WeCs public number cncdar waits until the part where the fire color disappears. Immediately remove the quenching process that is cooled in air. The quenching self-tempering method uses the heat that is not completely cold in the core to pass to the surface to temper the surface. Commonly used for impact-resistant tools such as tweezers, punches, hammers, etc.
X. Jet quenching method
Jet quenching method: A quenching method in which a water stream is sprayed onto a workpiece, and the water flow can be large or small depending on the required quenching depth. The jet quenching method does not form a vapor film on the surface of the workpiece, thus ensuring a hardened layer deeper than quenching in the past water. Mainly used for local surface quenching.
Dongguan Haituo Electromechanical Equipment Co., Ltd. is a manufacturer of medium and high frequency induction heating equipment developed earlier in China. It is a private enterprise engaged in the research and development, design, manufacturing, sales and service of many experts specializing in induction heating equipment. With a strong technical R & D team, experienced, customized automatic induction heating equipment according to the workpiece and process, free to provide customers with personalized process solutions. As well as a more comprehensive after-sales service system in various regions of the country, we have won the trust of many domestic enterprises, and have the experience of providing them with quality products and services. Welcome to visit the company.
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